Estrategias y procesos experimentales para la enseñanza y aprendizaje en el diseño con materiales alternativos en la arquitectura

Jaime Jesús Rios Calleja, Alejandra García Sanchez, Eduardo Carranza Luna, José Luis Morales Hernandez

Resumen


Los procesos cognitivos y metodologías de enseñanza relacionadas a la arquitectura y disciplinas afines frecuentemente encuentran obstáculos al enfrentarse a la utilización, comprensión, aplicación y desarrollo de materiales y tecnologías alternativas, que conllevan innovación y estrategias diferentes a las convencionales. 

Bajo este marco, el currículo de los programas educativos tiene que actualizarse constante y continuamente y adecuar estrategias de enseñanza que permitan la comprensión de diversos obstáculos y retos para lograr incorporar exitosamente dichos materiales y tecnologías alternativas al producto arquitectónico congruente con el aspecto funcional, social, ambiental y comercial. Dichas estrategias van desde seminarios prácticos experimentales, procesos de conceptualización y desarrollo, hasta la investigación y realización de pruebas bajo métodos científicos que deriven en lograr incorporar las tecnologías y materiales alternativos al quehacer arquitectónico.

El siguiente artículo expone casos de estudio que involucraron modelos de enseñanza a través del desarrollo de diversos objetos y elementos arquitectónicos aplicados dentro del plan de estudios de la licenciatura de arquitectura de la Benemérita Universidad Autónoma de Puebla (BUAP) dentro de diversos programas educativos y proyectos de investigación del mapa curricular, y se reflexiona sobre los métodos y estrategias y nuevos enfoques de enseñanza derivados de los resultados obtenidos.


Palabras clave


Materiales alternativos, enfoques de enseñanzas, objetos, mobiliarios

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Referencias


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